Types, design features and choice

A skateboard is a flat board on 4 wheels, designed for skating, as well as for performing stunts and feints. It is often used as a vehicle for moving quickly through city streets.

The first skateboards appeared in the United States in the 30s of the 20th century and were wooden platforms on wheels. They were invented by Californian surfers who honed their skills on land. In the early 1960s, the first factory skateboards appeared. Many baby boomers tried them when they were kids.

The strong consumer demand today for skateboards is due to a number of important advantages of these unique designs. Modern Evolve skateboards are an unusual vehicle on which you can not only perform various jumps, but also take quiet walks, as well as move around a big city.

Due to the small size and lightness of the skate, you can get on the metro, use all types of ground transportation, and also take it with you to shopping malls and cinemas.

Since skateboards are constantly under the watch of owners, the likelihood of their theft is minimal. Regular skateboarding develops the muscles of the legs and back well and allows you to always be in top physical shape.

Modern types:

Old school

The nose of the platform is pointed and the rear part is blunt. Thanks to this shape, the structure is very stable and suitable for basic tricks.

Free style

The bridge is well formed, with the wheels positioned closer to the center of the bridge.

New school

Contemporary models with oval base and curved ends. They are versatile, as they allow you to move quickly on the street and perform acrobatic elements.

Freeboard

Weighted version with 6 rollers, designed for snowboard aficionados.

Longboard

Elongated design. High speed is achieved thanks to the weight and the large diameter rollers.

Wave board

The foot platform consists of 2 platforms connected by a spring. It only has 2 casters which can be turned independently of the base.

The models are designed for driving on asphalt roads and ramps.

Design features

Any model of skateboard consists of a deck, a suspension and wheels with bearings. Every detail affects functionality:

  • Skateboards are mostly made from plywood, but some manufacturers use plastic or other man-made materials. The surface is covered with an adhesive tape resembling sandpaper. The griptail prevents the athlete’s feet from slipping.
  • Metal hangers are located under the deck and serve as a support for the wheels. To reduce the load, additional skates are installed between them and the board.
  • The rolls vary in size and density.
  • The bearings are installed in special grooves on the rollers. It depends on them how fast the athlete can pick up speed.

Professionals pay great attention to the choice of a sports instrument. Often they independently select parts by size. It is difficult for beginners to determine the characteristics of each component, so it is better for them to buy a ready-made model.

How to choose a skateboard?

When choosing a skate, you should take into account the height and width of the athlete’s foot. Inventory manufacturers offer tables that correlate these parameters with the size of the platform. For normal driving, boards with a width of 20-20.5 cm are suitable, and for performing feints, narrower models are required. When choosing inline skates, you should know that the larger their diameter, the faster the skateboard picks up speed and rolls better. Models with small rollers accelerate slowly but are more agile. These samples are designed to perform complex tricks and jumps. The stiffness of the rollers is a measure of their resistance during mechanical action. Each video has its own markings, which are represented by a number and a letter. In addition, the higher the numerical value, the harder the wheel. The choice of suspension depends on the task at hand. Thus, light metal parts facilitate the realization of acrobatic elements. But it should be borne in mind that such a metal is quite fragile. It is preferable for a beginner skater to privilege the flexible rollers because they do not allow to gain in high speed. The optimum diameter for street-style athletes is 50-55 cm. To ride on ramps, rollers of 50 to 55 cm are required. The suspensions (in professional environment – rails) are a simple structure by means of which the rollers are fixed to the board. The tracks are responsible for the handling of the skate and the safety of the turns. The principle of operation of the suspensions is quite simple and consists of the following: with lateral pressure on the bridge, they turn the wheels in one direction or another, and when the center of gravity is aligned, they bring them back. to their original position. The dimensions of the tracks are chosen according to the width of the apron so that the wheels fixed on the hanger do not protrude from the apron.

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